There is really only one stitch in knitting: the knit stitch. The other stitch is the purl stitch -- but that's just the knit stitch backwards. So really, once you figure this out, you can knit anything. The knit stitch is not hard -- you just need to get used to the feel of it in your hands.
So at this point, you've cast on your stitches. Now you want to knit stitch.
You will always work from left to right. So the needle with all the stitches on it is in your left hand and your empty needle is in your right hand. By knitting, you will move the stitches from the left needle to the right needle. So when you finish your row, the needle in your left hand will be empty and the needle in your right hand will be full. When you get to that point, start over. So the needle with all the stitches goes into your left hand and the empty needle starts on the right again.
OK, ready? Organize your stitches so all the loops are on the top and all the knots are on the bottom. Here is how to make a knit stitch.
When you finish your row, organize your stitches again (they tend to twist around the needle as you knit the first three rows) and count to make sure you have ended up with the right amount of stitches. If you have too many or too few, see the "Common Mistakes" section on how mistakes happen and how to correcting them.